Family: livestock dog, sheepdog, mastiff
Area of origin: Canada
Original function: all-purpose water dog and fishing aid, draft
Average size of male: Ht: 28, Wt: 130-150
Average size of female: Ht: 26, Wt: 100-120
Other names: none
Newfoundland Dog Temperament
The most important single characteristic of the Newfoundland is sweetness of temperament. The Newfoundland is calm, patient, easygoing, gentle and amiable, a friend to all. If her family is threatened, however, the Newfoundland can act protectively.
Newfoundland Dog Care
This easygoing dog needs daily exercise to stay fit, either in the form of a moderate walk or short romp. She loves to swim and pull, especially in Fcold weather. Some breeders contend that Landseers tend to be more active and need more exercise than solids. She does not do well in hot weather and should not be kept outside. She is best when allowed access to both house and yard, but needs lots of room inside to stretch out. Her coat needs combing twice weekly, more frequently when shedding. Newfs do drool and also tend to be messy drinkers.
Newfoundland Dog Health
Major concerns: SAS, pulmonic stenosis, elbow dysplasia, CHD, gastric torsion
Minor concerns: OCD, entropion, ectropion, vWD, cataract
Occasionally seen: epilepsy
Suggested tests: hip, elbow, cardiac, blood, (eye)
Life span: 8-10 years
Note: Newfoundlands do not tolerate heat well; some are sensitive to anesthesia.